Stand 1 - Dry-Mesic Mixed Forest
Goal 1: Enhance and promote wildlife habitat
- Maintain recruitment of conifers, red maple, black cherry, and oak species (red oak, burr oak, northern pin oak) as regeneration in the 0.5 - 2" diameter class, in the range of 70 - 90 trees per acre for those species. (3 - 5 years post harvest).
- Plant seedlings of desired species for future stand development, including red oak, burr oak, aspen, white oak, white pine, white spruce, serviceberry, witch hazel, dogwoods, and apples (~109 trees/shrubs per acre).
Goal 2. Minimize invasive species population
Objective: Eliminate all standing Scotch pine (Pinus sylvenstris) on the property and reduce cover of autumn olive from 30% to <10% cover.
Stand 2 - Black Ash Swamp
Goal 1. Enhance and promote wildlife habitat
Objective: Plant seedlings of desired species for future stand development in surrounding areas, including red oak, burr oak, aspen, white oak, white pine, white spruce, serviceberry, witch hazel, dogwoods, and apples (~109 trees/shrubs per acre).
Goal 2. Maintain wetland functions and protect water quality
- Restore tree cover through planting species likely to survive wetland conditions and be adapted to future climate impacts
- Monitor the stand for invasive species establishment (Phragmites sp., Phalaris sp.) and document with GPS presence of any found. (1x/year)
Climate Change Impacts
Challenges and Opportunities
Project participants used the Adaptation Workbook to develop several adaptation actions for this project, including:
2.3. Manage herbivory to promote regeneration of desired species.
9.1. Favor or restore native species that are expected to be adapted to future conditions.
9.2. Establish or encourage new mixes of native species.
9.3. Guide changes in species composition at early stages of stand development.
9.7. Introduce species that are expected to be adapted to future conditions.
9.4. Protect future-adapted seedlings and saplings
5.2. Maintain and restore diversity of native species.
5.3. Retain biological legacies.
9.6. Manage for species and genotypes with wide moisture and temperature tolerances.
3.4: Prevent invasive species establishment and remove existing invasive species
4.4: Introduce species that are expected to be adapted to future conditions
5.3: Adjust systems to cope with increased water abundance, and high water levels
1. Hire a contractor for mechanical removal of documented locations of autumn olive.
2. Purchase tree seedlings and hire a contractor for planting and cone application for tree species regeneration in Stand 1.
3. Plant tree species for windrow on eastern edge of project area.
4. Plant seedlings of new species in Stand 2 for tree establishment.
5. Restore the open area with native, soft mast shrubs and prairie species.
6. Monitor both stands for invasive species
7. Protect established seedlings and advanced regeneration as necessary from browse.