Minnesota Dept. of Natural Resources: Loerch Wildlife Management Area
A Minnesota DNR forester used the Adaptation Workbook at a NIACS workshop in the fall of 2015. The forester prepared a timber sale for the property, and the permit was sold in the winter of 2015-2016. Harvesting will occur on the site within the next couple of years.
Wildlife Management Areas (WMAs) are part of Minnesota's state-owned land system and are designed to protect lands and waters that have a high potential for wildlife production, public hunting, trapping, fishing, and other compatible recreational uses. WMAs are supposed to protect valuable habitat and provide opportunities to hunt, fish, trap, and watch wildlife. On the Loerch WMA, primary game species include bear, deer, ruffed grouse, woodcock, and a variety of waterfowl. For the purposes of this timber sale, Minnesota DNR staff were most interested in the goals of promoting a diverse northern hardwoods stand and creating a young age class of aspen on the property.
Climate Change Impacts
DNR forester Alex Brothen used the Adaptation Workbook to develop several adaptation actions for this project, seneral of which were incorporated into the final timber sale:
5.1. Promote diverse age classes.
Clearcutting the aspen in this small stand will ensure that there is a young age class within the WMA.
There is a large reserve pocket in the center of the sale to provide an older age class of aspen.
5.2. Maintain and restore diversity of native species.
9.1. Favor or restore native species that are expected to be adapted to future conditions.
Retain all oak, maple, and birch in the mixed hardwoods stand as a future seed source.
5.3. Retain biological legacies.
Retain all non-hazardous snags for wildlife habitat.
Retain at least 5 sound downed logs greater than 6 inches in diameter.
2.2. Prevent the introduction and establishment of invasive plant species and remove existing invasive species.
Before entering or leaving the permit area, be sure all vehicles, equipment, trailers and personal gear are free of caked mud, dirt clods, plants, plant parts, bark or debris. Using a power washer or air compressor is recommended.